The gospel of john, the three johannine epistles, and the book of revelation, exhibit marked similarities, although more so between the gospel and the epistles especially the gospel and 1 john than between those and revelation. From there, he was exiled to the island of patmos for preaching the gospel, where he received the revelation from christ and wrote the book of revelation. This is the james who probably wrote the epistle of james though that is disputed. The following attribute or connect the gospel with an apostledisciplejohn. The general consensus among christians, until about the 1800s, was that paul wrote hebrews. Which of the original 12 apostles wrote books that are in. The book of the revelation was written about the vision that john saw while banished to the greek island of patmos on the aegean sea.
After the resurrection, peter became one of the most influential christian leaders in the first century, and according to catholic tradition, he was also the first pope. The answer is maybe, so hang on, this is a bit complex. Was johns gospel written by the apostle john answers. In john, jesus had friends near jerusalem, including mary, martha and. John was part of jesus inner circle and, along with peter and james, john was given the privilege of. A fisherman who lived in bethsaida, capernaum and jerusalem, he was a member of the inner circle. That agreement alone does not settle or prove that paul wrote the book. The author of the first epistle is termed john the evangelist, who most scholars believe is not the same as john the apostle. Along with james and peter, john was one of jesus closest confidants, and he is traditionally considered the author of the gospel of john. The apostle john was later freed and returned to serve as bishop of edessa in modern turkey. John the apostle, the beloved disciple of jesus, there has been considerable discussion of the actual identity of the author. After being an apostle of jesus christ, he then became an evangelist to all the world about what he had experienced and learned as an apostle.
One of them, the disciple whom jesus loved, was reclining. Wrote five bible books james brother john also referred to as saint john by the catholic church the apostle is sometimes confused with john the baptist when these men were two very different figured in biblical history. In this article, we examine the evidence for the gospel of john. John was part of three men who made up the inner circle of. We have not seen the last of john when we reach the end of the gospels, for apart from the apostle paul john and peter are the dominant apostles. Eventually, he made it back to ephesus and died an ordinary death sometime after 98 ad. Fascinating facts about the twelve disciples exploring. The book of john is a gospel that contains narrative history, sermons, parables, and a few prophetic oracles.
John the apostle, also called saint john the evangelist or saint john the divine, flourished 1st century ce. When mary died, john allegedly went to ephesus, where he wrote his three epistles. The very fact that the author of the apocalypse simply calls himself john is a dead giveaway that he was well known throughout the churches in asia minor. Nearly all the rest of the books in the new testament are letters, or epistles.
The apostles were the 12 disciples that accompanied jesus throughout his 3 year ministry and were sent apostle means one who is sent, as in an ambassador or an emissary plus paul, nee saul, who was originally hostile to jesus and persecuted. Matthew and john were two of the original twelve apostles. John was then sentenced to the mines on the prison island of patmos. John the apostle was one of the twelve apostles of jesus according. In the book of john, christ speaks of god as the father over 100 times. In the book of john, that we do not see in the other gospels is the conversation of jesus with nicodemus, the conversation with the woman of. He is believed to have outlived the other apostles. John the apostle, the beloved disciple of jesus, there.
Ancient writers have disputed the authorship of the johannine epistles as well. There is little question that the apostle john wrote the gospel that bears his namein which he states that the express purpose of the book is that we might believe that jesus is the christ, the son of god. Most scholars agree that luke wrote the acts of the apostles. The apostle peter also known as saint peter, simon peter, and cephas was one of the 12 main disciples of jesus christ, and along with james and john, he was one of jesus closest companions. The book of revelation, written by john, concludes the collection we now call the new testament.
John and his brother james, another disciple of jesus, were fishermen on the sea of galilee when jesus called them to follow him. The bo ok went through two to three stages, or editions, before reaching its current form, at the latest, around ad 80100. It varies from the other three gospels of matthew, mark and luke also known as the synoptic gospels, by focusing more on spiritual. The apostle john had the distinction of being a beloved friend of jesus christ, writer of five books of the new testament, and a pillar in the early christian church. John founded and built churches all through asia until he was old, and died the sixtyeighth year after our lords passion, peacefully in ephesus. Surely origen knew only one john who wrote scripture, and that was john the apostle. It was written by the discipleapostle john around 8595 a. James, peter, and andrew were all partners in the fishing business before they became disciples of jesus.
John the apostle and john the evangelist are the same person but titles given to the different phases of witness. He wrote the gospel of john, i john, ii john, iii john and revelation. In one of his letters he wrote, we proclaim to you what we have seen and heard 1 john. The apostle paul is, in my opinion, the only possible author of the book of hebrews. None of the gospels came with an about the author section. Probably, they were cousins, meaning john the baptist and jesus were 2n. In johns gospel, jesus and his disciples go to judea early in jesus ministry. During his life, john wrote the book of john and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd book of john and the book of revelation. This other apostle is the one whom jesus loved, the one who leaned on jesus chest at the passover meal, and who wrote the book of john. The book went through two to three stages, or editions, before reaching its current form, at the latest, around ad 80100. Were john the apostle and john the baptist related.
It is writ ten anonymously, although it identifies an unnamed disciple whom jesus loved as the source of its. I remain a firm believer that it was mary madgalene who wrote the gospel of john. Who wrote the gospels, and how do we know for zondervan. He was one of jesus 12 disciples, and therefore was an eyewitness to the events he recorded. John was part of three men who made up the inner circle of companions of jesus mark 5. He shows us that jesus, though fully god, came in the flesh to distinctly and accurately reveal god, and that christ is the source of eternal life to all who believe in him. Who were the 12 disciples or apostles of jesus christ. Discovery of certain papyrus fragments dated around ad 5 require the gospel of john to have been written, copied, and circulated before then. The early 2nd century writer, justin martyr, was the first to equate the author of revelation with john the apostle. In the book of john, we find that jesus ministry altogether was approximately 312 years. The closest we get to a claim of authorship is at the very end of the book of john, where the author implies that the book was written by the disciple whom jesus loved john 21.
Christ loved her the most, and in this gospel it is referred to as written by the one whom jesus loved. The book of revelation is traditionally said to be written by john. The gospel of john is the fourth of the canonical gospels. Apostle john wrote the last book of the bible revelation when casted away on an island not knowing the all the other apostles were already killed. The apostle john is the author of five new testament books. John traveled much, labored incessantly, and after becoming bishop of the asia churches, settled down at ephesus. History of john the disciple of jesus who was this man that jesus loved. Matthew the tax collector may have been their brother. In his book, matthew often stresses that jesus christ is the messiah and came to fulfill the old.
As an eyewitness to the love and power displayed in the miracles of jesus, john gives us an upclose and personal look at christ s identity. It is mostly agreed to that the john who wrote the gospel of john, i, ii, and iii john and the book of revelation was written by john the apostle of jesus christ. The gospels are anonymousso how do we know who wrote them. Gospel according to john, fourth of the four new testament narratives recounting the life and death of jesus christ. As we have in previous articles, this article will look at the proposed author, the internal and external evidences for authorship, the dating, and the. If the elder was john son of zebedee, he was likely elderly and the last living apostle.
Finally, while there is little to commend the notion that a shadowy figure named john the elder wrote the book of revelation, there is ample evidence that it was written by john the apostle. John is the brother of james the elder and son of zebedee. John boanerges, son of zebedee and salome, brother of james, the apostle. Therefore the origin of the gospel must in some way be connected to this personthe gospel of john may be a record of his eyewitness account of jesus life. As the church stood on the brink of an uncertain future in the midst of a transition to church leaders who were not apostles, there was no more critical issue than where the truth about jesus christ. The main debate centers on who authored the writings, and which of the writings, if any, can be ascribed to a common author. Church tradition has held that john is the author of the gospel of john and four other books of the new testament the three. Paul wrote most of these, but also included are letters written by james, peter, john, and jude. We may never know for certain who wrote the gospel of john, any more. However, most biblical scholars now contend that these were separate individuals since the text was written around 100 ad, after the death of john the apostle. Most scholars believe the three johannine epistles have the same author, but there is no consensus if this was also the author of the gospel of john. According to scholars, the gospel of john was written by the beloved disciple john. It is written anonymously, although it identifies an unnamed disciple whom jesus. John the apostle was the younger brother of james and also a fisherman.
The gospel of john was written to prove that jesus christ is the son of god. The authorship of the johannine works the gospel of john, epistles of john, and the book of revelation has been debated by scholars since at least the 2nd century ad. The second epistle of john, often referred to as second john and often written 2 john or ii john, is a book of the new testament attributed to john the evangelist, traditionally thought to be the author of the gospel of john and the other two epistles of john. He wrote the books of john, first john, second john, third john and revelation.
He wrote his prophetic book of revelation on patmos. The gospel of john is a unique perspective of the life of jesus christ. The key personalities of this book are jesus christ, his twelve disciples, mary magdalene, john the baptist, lazarus, his sisters mary and martha, jewish religious leaders, and pilate. Who wrote the gospel of john learn about the author of this biblical book and study his call to jesus. The gospel of john is one of four gospels in the holy bible and is the fourth book in chronological order presented in the new testament. For the past few weeks, we have investigated the authors of the gospels and the book of acts. History of john the disciple of jesus jesus christ. John s is the only one of the four not considered among the synoptic gospels i.
The book of the revelation of jesus christ was written by john probably close to the same time he wrote the epistles which bear his name. Apostle john wrote the last book of the bible revelation. Saint jerome, the fourthcentury theologian who produced the latin vulgate, agreed with eusebius conclusion about john the presbyter, and he went on to argue that while john the apostle wrote the gospel of john and 1 john, a different john wrote 2 john and 3 john. Eastern feast days may 8 and september 26, in christian tradition, an apostle of jesus and the author of three letters, the fourth gospel, and possibly the revelation to john in the new testament. John wrote the book of revelation during his exile. Therefore the origin of the gospel must in some way be connected to this.799 373 5 571 1414 413 391 1028 977 1106 964 11 147 573 115 421 812 431 847 943 62 1550 254 651 420 1240 355 1247 201 386 494 515 740