Each seed is a discrete resource package, so that much of the biology of seed beetles is similar to the biology of parasitoids. Evolution of host acceptability and suitability in. Heritability and evolvability of fitness components in. Can preference for oviposition sites initiate reproductive. Oviposition decisions in the seed beetle, callosobruchus. Allocation of resources to processes contributing to one trait must therefore reduce those available for allocation to others and tradeoffs between these traits are expected. However, the developmental delay and feeding inhibition caused by dietary scn occurred only during the early developmental stages the 1st, 2nd and 3rd instars of the cowpea bruchid. Biology and morphometric measurement of cowpea weevil.
Experiments using naive females established differences in host specificity among geographic strains of the seed beetlecallosobruchus maculatus. Why do male callosobruchus maculatus harm their mates. Cowpea bruchid callosobruchus maculatus uses a cysteine. Completion of life cycle takes 45 weeks and there may be 67 overlapping generations in a year.
Callosobruchus maculatus fabricius taxonomic placing. Each seed is a discrete resource package,so that much of the biology of seed beetles is similar to the biology of parasitoids. The beetle most likely originated in west africa and moved around the globe with the trade of. Callosobruchus chinensis, the pulse beetle zoology for ias. The nanoencapsulation process was carried out by polymerization technology. Bibliography of callosobruchus research in ecology and. Bibliography of callosobruchus research in ecology and evolution. Life cycle and hostes of callosobruchus maculatus coleoptera. The evolution of oviposition tactics in the bean weevil. Chromosome 10 is a sex chromosome and males are the hetergametic sex figure 3. May 18, 2005 other examples come from the bruchid beetle callosobruchus maculatus and the dung fly sepsis cynipsea. Callosobruchus maculatus is a species of beetles known commonly as the cowpea weevil or cowpea seed beetle.
Pdf influence of some fatty acids on oviposition by the. The duration of the different states of the cowpea weevils, callosobruchus maculatus f. They are controlled by chemical insecticides, which cause a lot of harmful diseases and pollute the environment. Females cement their eggs to the surface of host seeds messina. When laboratory populations of the beetle callosobruchus maculatus were forced periodically to switch hosts, cyclic variation occurred in the number of eggs the beetles laid. There are a number of species of callosobruchus that may be found attacking pulses, of which the most common and well known is c. Economic importance of callosobruchus maculatus fab. A quantitative analysis of oviposition preference and larval performance on two hosts in the bruchid beetle, callosobruchus maculatus. Duration of behaviour patterns during oviposition by the bruchid beetle, callosobruchus maculatus. Callosobruchus chinensis, the pulse beetle zoology for. A pest of pulses, cowpea, soybean, gram, pigeon pea, lablab etc. Edvardsson, who is now at the centre for conservation and ecology, school of biosciences, university of exeter in cornwall, tremough campus, penryn, tr10 9ez, uk.
Pronunciation of callosobruchus maculatus with 2 audio pronunciations, 1 meaning and more for callosobruchus maculatus. Callosobruchus maculatus bean beetle by alissa walens on. This common pest of stored legumes has a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring on every continent except antarctica. Dec 31, 2014 the cowpea weevil, callosobruchus maculatus f. View callosobruchus maculatus research papers on academia. Horng department of entomology, national taiwan university, taipei, taiwan, roc tel. A handbook on bean beetles, callosobruchus maculatus. However, seed beetles from the same group are often specialized and predominantly use closely related plant taxa from a single host tribe 21. Bean beetles callosobruchus maculatus are known to evaluate their host quality and texture of seed coat. A closely related species, callosobruchus maculatus is found existing along with.
Control of cowpea weevil, callosobruchus maculatus f. Callosobruchus chinensis is a common species of beetle found in the bean weevil subfamily, and is known to be a pest to many stored legumes. Parr mj, tran bmd, simmonds msj, kite gc, credland pf, 1998. It is sometimes found in seed imported into canada. Influence of cowpea pod maturity on the oviposition choices and larval survival of a bruchid beetle callosobruchus maculatus.
Inheritance of hostplant choice in the seed beetle callosobruchus maculatus coleoptera. Laboratory rearing of the active phase of callosobruchus maculatus f. The genus callosobruchus was formerly in the family bruchidae common name. However, the bruchid bean beetle, callosobruchus maculatus is among most tractable and robust animal systems we know.
Nevertheless, female beetles reject mung seeds less. Evolution of host acceptability and suitability in callosobruchus maculatus coleoptera. Cowpea seeds, in which white and brown areas are equals in size, were chosen for oviposition decision tests. Cosmopolitan in the tropics and subtropics of the world. The female grubs shows an oviposition period, with an average of duration, of 10. Biological activity of tree marigold, tithonia diversifolia. Empirical studies of behavioral processes were designed in a seed beetle, callosobruchus maculatus, to distinguish between two alternative tactical models, namely, comparison tactics and threshold tactics of seed choice, and also to deduce the behavioral rule of its oviposition decisions. With these constraints the beetle may maximize fitness if it knows the weights and egg loads of all available beans. Royal holloway, university of london, egham, surrey, tw20 0ex, uk.
Seedcoat colour affects oviposition in the bean beetle. Guide to cultivating bean beetles callosobruchus maculatus. Heritable variation in body size is well described fox et al. Nov 20, 2014 the bean beetle callosobruchus maculatus, is a highly nutritious feeder that can be fed to a variety of small amphibians, geckos, invertebrates, baby chameleons and even fish. Search sequences and the oviposition process of the female bruchid beetle were observed and recorded. Laboratory studies of insect behaviour and pest control. Essential oils are a new trend for controlling of storage pests. Adults of most species known from stored pulses may be identified using the bruchid key in haines 1991. Infestation of a single species of bruchid callosobruchus maculatus f. The bruchid beetle callosobruchus maculatus does not feed as an adult.
The culture was maintained on green gram with 12% moisture content kept in plastic jar of 3 kg capacity. Cosmopolitan, probably of west africa origin, whence it was distributed around the globe with the trade in legumes host. Males of both these species have spines on their intromittent organs that harm the female reproductive tract during mating and leave scars blanckenhorn et al. Coleoptera is a major pest of stored blackgram, greengram, cowpea and other pulse grains. A quantitative genetic analysis of oviposition preference and larval performance on two hosts in the bruchid beetle,callosobruchus maculatus. Yet, it is not widely used outside of research laboratories. The cowpea seed beetle, callosobruchus maculatus, will lay its eggs on many potential hosts and inert surfaces. Nonprotein amino acids are more toxic than protein amino acids but the latter can be toxic at 1 and 5%. The cowpea weevil callosobruchus maculatus is a stored product pest of cowpeas, chickpeas and mung beans. The bean beetle callosobruchus maculatus, is a highly nutritious feeder that can be fed to a variety of small amphibians, geckos, invertebrates, baby chameleons and even fish. The effects of copulation duration in the bruchid beetle callosobruchus maculatus martin edvardsson address correspondence to m. Laboratory rearing of the active phase of callosobruchus.
Spermatophore size and mate fecundity in the bruchid. They bite holes in the grains to enter inside and feed on kernel, damaging several grains in the process. Toxicity of secondary compounds to the seedeating larvae of. Response of cowpea bruchid, callosobruchus maculatus fab. A handbook on bean beetles, callosobruchus maculatus bean. Alkaloids are generally the most toxic of the compounds tested. It causes substantial quantitative and qualitative losses manifested by seed perforation and reductions in weight, market value and germination ability of seeds. Callosobruchus maculatus bean beetle by alissa walens on prezi.
Males have spines on their intromittent organs that puncture the female reproductive. The actual performance falls short of achieving maximum fitness and the oviposition of the beetle fits a computer simulation that makes decisions after comparing the weight and egg load of the present bean with the last bean. The bruchid beetle callosobruchus maculatus is known to be fairly plastic when it comes to host use. Influence of some fatty acids on oviposition by the bruchid beetle, callosobruchus. Nnatural incidence of bruchid parasitoid dinarmus sp. However, the effect of seedcoat colour on oviposition decision has remained unclear. Other common names include the pulse beetle, chinese bruchid and cowpea. Bruchidae to test whether they conform to predictions of an optimality model. Here we report the results of a very similar experiment, on the same species, which yielded the opposite result. The copulatory behavior of the bruchid beetle callosobruchus maculatus may reflect a sexual conflict over copulation duration. Poorani abstract pulse beetle, callosobruchus maculatus f.
Effect of protein amino acids sigma on on survival to adult life form of cnllosobruchus macukms in tablets made of cowpea flour protein amino acid dose 1% 5% larginine lhistidine lproline. Novel ovipostion discussion like comment share in this experiment it was speculated if c. Bruchidae, is a cosmopolitan fieldtostore pest ranked as the principal postharvest pest of cowpea in the tropics. Efficacy of natural oils against the biological activity.
Females laid more eggs onto the brown than white area under. We examined whether such congenital differences affect the degree to which host preference can. Other examples come from the bruchid beetle callosobruchus maculatus and the dung fly sepsis cynipsea. Bean beetles, callosobruchus maculatus, a model system for. The influence of egg size on offspring performance in the seed beetle, callosobruchus maculatus. Here, we examine egglaying decisions in the seed beetle, callosobruchus maculatus f. Effect of experience on host preference in callosobruchus. Biological control of bruchid callosobruchus maculatus f. The cost of reproduction in callosobruchus maculatus. Oviposition on glass beads is stimulated by coating them with individual fatty acids. Behavioral processes and egglaying decisions of the bean. The genus callosobruchus was formerly in the family bruchidae.
Efficacy of natural oils against the biological activity on. Toxicity of secondary compounds to the seedeating larvae. Figure 3, karyotypes of bean beetles, callosobruchus maculatus, was reprinted with permission from yadav, j. Callosobruchus maculatus has a karyotype of ten chromosome pairs 2n20. Parr mj, tran bmd, simmonds msj, credland pf, 1998. The resources such as energy or nutrients available to it are therefore fixed at emergence. Search sequences and the oviposition process of the female bruchid. Adult mortality and adult emergence of the insects were investigated. Control over copulation duration is a potentially important generator of sexual conflict that has received little empirical attention. Callosobruchus maculatus an overview sciencedirect topics. Tenebrionidae are dangerous insects to stored grains. Toxicity of secondary compounds to the seedeating larvae of the bruchid beetle callosobruchus. Although it is commonly known as the adzuki bean weevil it is in fact not a true weevil, belonging instead to the leaf beetle family, chrysomelidae.
The equal sex ratio of 12 day old adults was released into a petri dish of 9 cm size for egg laying. By incorporating various secondary compounds in the normal diet of larval callosobruchus maculatus bruchids, we show that the effects of any particular compound are dosagedependent. It is a member of the leaf beetle family, chrysomelidae, and not a true weevil. The extracts were tested for insecticidal activity on cowpea bruchid, callosobruchus maculatus fab.902 1375 863 1052 1530 1020 1040 608 244 1599 1577 661 1523 960 25 291 465 1548 1228 111 387 1095 765 1205 451 780 716 1599 63 806 756 724 683 412 93 47 774 1194 704 323 657